Professional Education

  • Master of Science, Technical University Of Wroclaw (2006)
  • Doctor of Philosophy, Ruhr-Universitat Bochum (2010)

Stanford Advisors


All Publications

  • The Effect of Interfacial Design on the Electrochemical Detection of DNA and MicroRNA Using Methylene Blue at Low-Density DNA Films CHEMELECTROCHEM Tavallaie, R., Darwish, N., Gebala, M., Hibbert, D. B., Gooding, J. J. 2014; 1 (1): 165-171
  • Kinetic and thermodynamic hysteresis imposed by intercalation of proflavine in ferrocene-modified double-stranded DNA. Chemphyschem Gebala, M., La Mantia, F., Schuhmann, W. 2013; 14 (10): 2208-2216


    Surface-confined immobilized redox species often do not show the expected zero peak separation in slow-scan cyclic voltammograms. This phenomenon is frequently associated to experimental drawbacks and hence neglected. However, a nonzero peak separation, which is common to many electrochemical systems with high structural flexibility, can be rationally assigned to a thermodynamic hysteresis. To study this phenomenon, a surface-confined redox species was used. Specifically, a DNA strand which is tagged with ferrocene (Fc) moieties at its 5' end and its complementary capture probe is thiolated at the 3' end was self-assembled in a monolayer at a Au electrode with the Fc moieties being located at the bottom plane of the double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). The DNA-bound Fc undergoes rapid electron transfer with the electrode surface as evaluated by fast scan cyclic voltammetry. The electron transfer is sensitive to the ion transport along the DNA strands, a phenomenon which is modulated upon specific intercalation of proflavine into surface-bound dsDNA. The electron transfer rate of the Fc(0/+) redox process is influenced by the cationic permselectivity of the DNA monolayer. In addition to the kinetic hindrance, a thermodynamic effect correlated with changes in the activity coefficients of the Fc(0/+) moieties near the gold-dsDNA interface is observed and discussed as source of the observed hysteresis causing the non-zero peak separation in the voltammograms.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/cphc.201300045

    View details for PubMedID 23674389

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